Brazil Economy

Is Brazil a rich country?

Brazil is the eighth-largest economy in the world, but is recovering from a recession in 2015 and 2016 that ranks as the worst in the country’s history. In 2017, Brazil`s GDP grew 1%, inflation fell to historic lows of 2.9%, and the Central Bank lowered benchmark interest rates from 13.75% in 2016 to 7%.

The economy has been negatively affected by multiple corruption scandals involving private companies and government officials, including the impeachment and conviction of Former President Dilma ROUSSEFF in August 2016. Sanctions against the firms involved — some of the largest in Brazil — have limited their business opportunities, producing a ripple effect on associated businesses and contractors but creating opportunities for foreign companies to step into what had been a closed market.

The succeeding TEMER administration has implemented a series of fiscal and structural reforms to restore credibility to government finances. Congress approved legislation in December 2016 to cap public spending. Government spending growth had pushed public debt to 73.7% of GDP at the end of 2017, up from over 50% in 2012. The government also boosted infrastructure projects, such as oil and natural gas auctions, in part to raise revenues. Other economic reforms, proposed in 2016, aim to reduce barriers to foreign investment, and to improve labor conditions. Policies to strengthen Brazil’s workforce and industrial sector, such as local content requirements, have boosted employment, but at the expense of investment.

Brazil is a member of the Common Market of the South (Mercosur), a trade bloc that includes Argentina, Paraguay and Uruguay - Venezuela’s membership in the organization was suspended In August 2017. After the Asian and Russian financial crises, Mercosur adopted a protectionist stance to guard against exposure to volatile foreign markets and it currently is negotiating Free Trade Agreements with the European Union and Canada.

Brazil Economy Data

What is the GDP of Brazil?

Currency Name and Code Brazilian Real (BRL)
GDP - Gross Domestic Product (PPP) $3,135,000,000,000 (USD)
GDP - official exchange rate $1,770,000,000,000 (USD)
GDP - real growth rate -3.3%
GDP Per Capita $15,200.00 (USD)
GDP by Sector- agriculture 6.3%
GDP by Sector- Industry 21.8%
GDP by Sector- services 72%
GDP - composition, by end use household consumption: 62.5%

government consumption: 20.6%

investment in fixed capital: 15.8%

investment in inventories: -0.1%

exports of goods and services: 13.9%

imports of goods and services: -12.7%
Population Below Poverty Line 21.4%
Inflation Rate 8.4%
Labor Force 110,400,000
Labor Force By Occupation- agriculture 15.7%
Labor Force By Occupation- industry 13.3%
Labor Force By Occupation- services 71%
Unemployment Rate 12.6%
Fiscal Year calendar year
Annual Budget $632,000,000,000 (USD)
Budget Surplus or Deficit - percent of GDP -2.6%
Public Debt (% of GDP) 75.4%
Taxes and other revenues - percent of GDP 35.7%
Major Industries textiles, shoes, chemicals, cement, lumber, iron ore, tin, steel, aircraft, motor vehicles and parts, other machinery and equipment
Industrial Growth Rate -3%
Agriculture Products coffee, soybeans, wheat, rice, corn, sugarcane, cocoa, citrus; beef
Exchange Rate per US Dollar 3.483
Child Labor - % of children ages 5-14 3%
Child Labor - # of children ages 5-14 959,942
Child Labor - note note: data represents children ages 5-13
Commercial Bank Prime Lending Rate 47.4%

Labor Force by Occupation- As reported by Brazil

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