|Medical Facilities and Health Information||
Although medical care in Estonia falls short of Western standards, Estonia’s medical care is generally good, especially in Tallinn and in some other cities such as Tartu and Pärnu. Estonia has many highly-trained medical professionals, but some hospitals and clinics still suffer from a lack of equipment and resources. While private physicians often speak fair to excellent English, you are likely to find very limited English in hospitals and in emergency rooms. Due to workload, doctors in hospitals spend considerably less time interacting with a patient than is typical in an American hospital. Nurses and other hospital staff are likely to speak little to no English.
You can find good information on vaccinations and other health precautions, such as safe food and water precautions and insect bite protection, on the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s (CDC) website, or by calling their hotline for international travelers at 1-877-FYI-TRIP (1-877-394-8747). You can also consult the World Health Organization’s (WHO) website, which contains additional health information for travelers, including detailed country-specific health information.
If you plan to visit forested areas of Estonia in the summertime, you should take steps to avoid ticks because of occasional cases of tick-borne encephalitis. Although there is no vaccine against this disease currently licensed for use in the United States, a vaccine requiring a series of injections is available under two different brand names in Estonia, both of which can be obtained from many local physicians. Serious cases of seasonal influenza, including H1N1, have been reported in recent years and you should consider getting a flu shot before traveling to Estonia during flu season.
|Drinking Water Source - percent of rural population improved||97.6%|
|Drinking Water Source - percent of total population unimproved||0.9%|
|Drinking Water Source - percent of urban population improved||99.8%|
|HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate||1.2%|
|Hospital Bed Density - beds/1,000 population||5.3|
|People Living with HIV/AIDS||9,900|
|Physicians Density - physicians/1,000 population||3.34|
|Sanitation Facility Access - percent of total population unimproved||4.8%|
|Sanitation Facility Access - percent of urban population improved||95.8%|
|Sanitation Facitlity Access - percent of rural population improved||93.8%|
|Major Infectious Diseases - degree of risk||intermediate|
|Vectorborne Disease (s)||tickborne encephalitis|
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