China Government

Country Name China
Full Country Name People's Republic of China
Abbreviation PRC
Local - Long Zhonghua Renmin Gongheguo
Local - Short Zhongguo
Government Type communist state
Capital Name Beijing
Capital - geographic coordinate 39 55 N, 116 23 E
Capital Time Difference time difference: UTC+8 (13 hours ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time)

note: despite its size, all of China falls within one time zone; many people in Xinjiang Province observe an unofficial "Xinjiang time zone" of UTC+6, two hours behind Beijing
Independence 1 October 1949 (People's Republic of China established); notable earlier dates: 221 B.C. (unification under the Qin Dynasty); 1 January 1912 (Qing Dynasty replaced by the Republic of China)
National Holiday National Day, the anniversary of the founding of the People's Republic of China, 1 October (1949)
Constitution several previous; latest promulgated 4 December 1982; amended several times, last in 2004
Legal System civil law influenced by Soviet and continental European civil law systems; legislature retains power to interpret statutes; note - criminal procedure law revised in early 2012
Suffrage 18 years of age; universal

China Capital City Map

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