Italy Capital City Map

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Italy Government

Country Name Italy
Full Country Name Italian Republic
Local - Long Repubblica Italiana
Local - Short Italia
Former Name Kingdom of Italy
Government Type parliamentary republic
Capital Name Rome
Capital - geographic coordinate 41 54 N, 12 29 E
Capital Time Difference UTC+1 (6 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Daylight Savings Time +1hr, begins last Sunday in March; ends last Sunday in October
Independence 17 March 1861 (Kingdom of Italy proclaimed; Italy was not finally unified until 1871)
National Holiday Republic Day, 2 June (1946)
Constitution history: previous 1848 (originally for the Kingdom of Sardinia and adopted by the Kingdom of Italy in 1861); latest enacted 22 December 1947, adopted 27 December 1947, entered into force 1 January 1948

amendments: proposed by both houses of Parliament; passage requires two successive debates and approval by absolute majority of each house on the second vote; a referendum is only required when requested by one-fifth of the members of either house, by voter petition, or by five Regional Councils (elected legislative assemblies of the 15 first-level administrative regions and 5 autonomous regions of Italy); amended many times, last in 2012; note - a referendum held on 4 December 2016 on constitutional amendments was defeated
Legal System civil law system; judicial review of legislation under certain conditions in Constitutional Court
Suffrage 18 years of age; universal except in senatorial elections, where minimum age is 25

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