India Facts and Culture

  • Food and Recipes: Modern eating habits often have families eating together. Families may use the right hand instead of utensils for eating their... More
  • Family: The family takes precedence over individuals. Families are generally large, but the government is actively encouraging family planning to curb... More
  • Fashion: Women in India may wear a "saree", which is a long fabric draped in various ways. The "saree" may... More
  • Visiting: Visiting usually occurs in the home. Visits between friends or family are often unannounced. In large cities, there... More

India Facts

India stats

Capital New Delhi
Government Type federal republic
Currency Indian rupee (INR)
Population 1,220,800,359
Total Area 1,269,212 Square Miles
3,287,263 Square Kilometers
Location Southern Asia, bordering the Arabian Sea and the Bay of Bengal, between Burma and Pakistan
Language Hindi 41%, Bengali 8.1%, Telugu 7.2%, Marathi 7%, Tamil 5.9%, Urdu 5%, Gujarati 4.5%, Kannada 3.7%, Malayalam 3.2%, Oriya 3.2%, Punjabi 2.8%, Assamese 1.3%, Maithili 1.2%, other 5.9%

note: English enjoys the status of subsidiary official language but is the most important language for national, political, and commercial communication; Hindi is the most widely spoken language and primary tongue of 41% of the people; there are 14 other official languages: Bengali, Telugu, Marathi, Tamil, Urdu, Gujarati, Malayalam, Kannada, Oriya, Punjabi, Assamese, Kashmiri, Sindhi, and Sanskrit; Hindustani is a popular variant of Hindi/Urdu spoken widely throughout northern India but is not an official language

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