Holy See Government

Country Name Holy See (Vatican City)
Full Country Name The Holy See (Vatican City State)
Local - Long La Santa Sede (Stato della Citta del Vaticano)
Local - Short Santa Sede (Citta del Vaticano)
Government Type ecclesiastical elective monarchy; self described as an "absolute monarchy"
Capital Name Vatican City
Capital - geographic coordinate 41 54 N, 12 27 E
Capital Time Difference UTC+1 (6 hours ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time)
Daylight Savings Time +1hr, begins last Sunday in March; ends last Sunday in October
Independence 11 February 1929; note - the three treaties signed with Italy on 11 February 1929 acknowledged, among other things, the full sovereignty of the Holy See and established its territorial extent; however, the origin of the Papal States, which over centuries varied considerably in extent, may be traced back to 754
National Holiday Election Day of Pope FRANCIS, 13 March (2013)
Constitution history: previous 1929, 1963; latest adopted 26 November 2000, effective 22 February 2001 (Fundamental Law of Vatican City State); note - in October 2013, Pope Francis instituted a 9-member Council of Cardinal Advisors to reform the administrative apparatus of the Holy See (Roman Curia) to include writing a new constitution

amendments: note - although the Fundamental Law of Vatican City State makes no mention of amendments, Article Four (drafting laws), states that this legislative responsibility resides with the Pontifical Commission for Vatican City State; draft legislation is submitted through the Secretariat of State and considered by the pope
Legal System religious legal system based on canon (religious) law
Suffrage election of the pope is limited to cardinals less than 80 years old

Holy See Capital City Map

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