Argentina Timeline

Year Argentina Timeline Event
1516 Juan Diaz de Solis became the first European to enter Argentina in search of gold.
Many of the indigenous population of Argentina are killed by the diseases brought over by the Europeans.
1580 Buenos Aires is established.
1680 The Portuguese established a trading post near Buenos Aires.
1776 Spain consolidates its territories in south-east South America
To create one large colony called the Viceroyalty of the Rio de la Plata.
1810 Overthrow of the king of Spain by Napoleon
1812 Jose de San Martin leads the fight for independence from Spain.
1816 Argentina declares its independence from Spain.
José de San Martín defeats Spanish forces in Chile.
1816 The provinces of Argentines declare independence from Spain.
1853 Argentina became a republic after adopting a constitution.
1859 Buenos Aires refuses to become part of the country of Argentina
And sets up their own independent state. It is then defeated by General Bartolome Mitre.
1943 Juan Perón rises to power.
1945 Juan Perón and Eva Marie Duarte (Evita) are married.
1952 Maria Eva Duarte de Perón dies of cancer.
1955 The army and navy rebel and Juan Perón fleas the country.
1956 The Constitution of 1853 is restored.
1960 Juan Perón marries Isabel Martinez.
1973 Juan Perón is elected President of Argentina.
1974 Juan Perón dies
His wife, Isabel, who had been vice president becomes president.
1976 Isabel Peron is deposed by a military coup and exiled.
1982 Argentina goes to war with Britain
Over control of the Falkland Islands. Argentina's military government collapses, ending a period of repression.
1982 Argentina surrenders.
General Leopoldo Fortunato Galtieri Castelli is removed from office.
1991 The government makes the peso equal to the value of the U.S. dollar.
This helps to stabilize the Argentine economy.
2001 President Fernando de la Rua resigns
On December 20th, in the midst of protests on unemployment and increased democracy. Congress names a new president, Eduardo Duhalde.
2001 Adolfo Rodriguez Saa named interim president.
Adolfo Rodriguez Saa named new interim president. Lacking political support he resigns on December 30th.
2002 Congress elects Peronist Senator Eduardo Duhalde as president.
Congress elects Peronist Senator Eduardo Duhalde as president.
2003 Nestor Kirchner sworn in as president.
Nestor Kirchner sworn in as president. Former President Carlos Menem led all candidates but pulled out before second round of elections.
2003 International arrest warrant for former President Carlos Menem, over allegations of fraud.
Judge issues international arrest warrant for former President Carlos Menem, over allegations of fraud.
2004 Former President Carlos Menem returns from self-imposed exile.
Former President Carlos Menem returns from self-imposed exile in Chile after two arrest warrants are cancelled.
2004 Cristina Fernandez de Kirchner sworn in as president.
2008 Two former generals are sentenced to life imprisonment.
Two former generals are sentenced to life imprisonment for their actions during the period of Argentina's military rule - known as the Dirty War - during the 1970s and 1980s.
2009 Argentina claims parts of ocean, Antarctic and British islands as territory.
Argentina hands documents to UN formally laying claim to a vast expanse of the ocean, as far as the Antarctic and including island chains governed by Britain.
2011 President Cristina Fernandez de Kirchner wins a second term
Benefiting from strong economic growth, President Cristina Fernandez de Kirchner wins a second term with a landslide 54% of the vote.
2013 Falkland Islanders vote
Falkland Islanders vote overwhelmingly in favour of remaining a British overseas territory. Argentina describes the referendum as pointless.

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